The U.S. Department of Homeland Security has made a specialty out of strategies for reducing risks at Soft Targets and Crowded Places (ST-CPs). “ST-CPs do not have to be buildings and can include open spaces such as parks and pedestrian malls,” DHS advises.
“Preventing attacks against ST-CPs and reducing impacts of attacks that do occur is a shared mission among many stakeholders, including the general public; ST-CP owners and operators; private industry; State, local, tribal, and territorial(SLTT) partners; and the Federal government.
“Since its inception, the Department of Homeland Security (DHS or Department) has played a role in this area, executing programs intended, directly or indirectly, to enhance the security of ST-CPs. Recent changes in the threat landscape and trends in global and domestic incidents call
for a renewed level of focus on this problem.”
We won’t go into any detail here, but the department’s Security Plan Overview for Soft Targets and Crowded Places is on its website and includes a good deal of information on the subject.